Teaching fractions is a key concept in 2nd grade and all grade levels. Fractions are a part of everyday life in the real world and will be built upon in upper grades. Depending on where you teach, your state standards for teaching fractions may vary. With these hands-on activities for teaching fractions, your younger students will have a blast learning about fractions.

## How To Introduce Fractions

My favorite way to introduce a new math concept like fractions is with a whole group anchor chart. An anchor chart is a great visual aid that is meant to be created together with your students. This is one of the first things you should do because it helps them learn about the concept, see visual representations, and learn mathematical vocabulary.

I recommend creating a whole group version of an anchor chart together as a class before you start teaching fractions. This anchor chart can be displayed in your classroom during the entire fraction math unit.

A good way to prep the whole group anchor chart is by having it ready ahead of time by writing the title and drawing the columns and boxes. Any information, mathematical vocabulary, and models should be added together as your students are participating in fraction instruction.

After creating the whole group version, students can create a mini-version to include in their interactive math notebook. This great introduction helps build deeper understanding of fractions. It also serves as a great tool for teaching fractions to students that they can reference all year long for great success.

After you’ve introduced the concept of fractions using the whole group and student version of the anchor chart, then you’re ready to dive into your fraction lessons, hands-on activities, and fun games for teaching fractions.

Today, I’m going to share some simple ideas for practicing fractions that can all be used for both whole group and small group instruction.

## Equal and Unequal Parts

The best way to start a 2nd grade fraction unit is by teaching students about equal and unequal parts. You can do this with a simple, yet effective hands-on sorting activity for building a strong foundation.

I like to print different fraction task cards when teaching fractions that show both equal and unequal parts on sticky notes. This makes it super easy to pass out the sticky notes and have students decide whether their fraction sticky note shows equal or unequal parts.

Students will then stick their fraction note on the correct side of an anchor chart or whiteboard chart.

## Shading Fractions

Another effective, hands-on activity for teaching fractions is to have students read a fraction name and shade the corresponding fraction in a fraction flipbook. They can keep this flipbook for reference during the entire math unit.

This Fraction Flipbook is essential when teaching fractions because it is helpful as students complete other fraction activities, such as this interactive notebook Shading Fractions activity.

## Pick the Fraction

Pick the Fraction is the perfect follow-up activity to the Fraction Flipbook and Shading activities for teaching fractions. This is a good strategy that will help students practice the concept of identifying and modeling fractional parts as well as writing fractions in word form in a hands-on way with basic linking cubes.

This activity can be used in either small groups or a whole group setting. All students will need is a set of 2 different colors of linking cubes, like red and blue. Each student will need a cup or tub of the 2 colors of cubes.They will also need those same 2 colors of markers or colored pencils.

You can either call out a number of cubes for students to choose or have them follow the instructions on a recording sheet. They will choose that many cubes at random. They will draw the fraction they chose.

For example, if they chose 2 red and 2 blue cubes, they’ll draw 2 red dots and 2 blue dots. Ask students how many cubes are red. For example, in this case, two-fourths of the cubes are red, so students would write, two-fourths.

## Play Dough Fractions

When teaching your fraction unit, it’s important to include various dividing fractions activities for students to get lots of practice with. One of my favorites is called Play Dough Fractions. This activity can be done in a whole group, small group, or in partners to help students master fractions.

Give each student or pair of students 1 can of play dough and a tool to help them partition the play dough into fractions. This could be a basic play dough tool, a plastic knife, or another similar tool.

Students will form various shapes out of the play dough. If you would like, you can even give them pre-made cookie cutters to make various shapes out of their play dough. Students can use the play dough lid to create circles.

After creating their shapes, students will use their tool to divide (partition) them. Students can practice partitioning the shapes into various equal parts.

I like to use these play dough shapes task strips for students to read, create, and partition the fraction from. If doing this activity in a whole group, I would give everyone the same shape task to complete. If doing this in a small group or partners, I would give them all a different shape task to make.

This is a great activity to encourage mathematical conversations about fractions and the size of their parts. You can discuss and model how the more parts a fraction has, the smaller they’ll be. Similarly, the less parts a fraction has, the larger they’ll be.

## Folding Fractions

Folding fractions is another great hands-on activity for teaching fractions. Students practive dividing fractions and putting them back together. Plus, it’s an easy way to incorporate a hands-on activity! All you need are basic pieces of paper and pencils.

Cut out simple shapes from the paper, such as rectangles, squares, and circles. Give students one of each shape and have them cut the shapes out. Fold one shape in half, another in fourths, and another in thirds or eighths, depending on your state’s standards.

Model how to fold each shape and open it back up so they can see the folded lines. This helps students see visually how the shape is divided. Next, have students use their pencil to trace over the folded lines to see even clearer how the shape is divided.

Then, students will cut the fractions apart and put them back together, like a puzzle. You can have students mix up the pieces and put them back together several times to practice.

They can also tape or glue the pieces back together on colored paper and label each part. This is an effective and simple way to practice multiple fractional concepts in one activity.

## Fractional Parts

A key concept when teaching fractions in 2nd grade is fractional parts. Students need to understand that even though two shapes may be the exact same shape and size, their fractional parts may be different depending on how they are partitioned.

For example a rectangle divided into fourths will have smaller fractional parts than the same-sized rectangle that is divided into halves.

This concept can be confusing as the larger the number of parts, such as eighths, the smaller the fractional parts.

Using a whole group PowerPoint and class game is a great way to help break down this concept and give students more practice and repetition.

They can then apply this knowledge with a small group writing activity for teaching fractions. Students will look at two identical shapes that are divided into different fractions. Then they will write to tell which fraction has smaller parts along with an explanation of how they determined the answer.

# Going Beyond One Whole

Activities for teaching fractions that introduce students to the concept of fractions beyond one whole are very important in 2nd grade. After introducing this concept and completing an interactive notebook activity, reinforce the concept using this hands-on small group fraction game. Students will practice drawing fractions beyond one whole using number cards.

I hope these hands-on fraction activities for 2nd grade have given you new and simple ideas for how to introduce and teach fractional concepts to your students.

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To see some of these fraction activities in action, check out my Fraction Activities YouTube video to learn more about using these activities when teaching fractions to your students.

You can find all of these fraction activities in my 2nd Grade Fractions Guided Math Unit.

If you are looking for different ways to incorporate fraction activities for 3rd grade, be sure to check out my 3rd Grade Fraction Activities on a Number Line Guided Math Unit.

Are you a math teacher who needs another fun way to practice fractions with your elementary students? Check out my Fraction Gumball Math Craft here!

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